OESTERREICHER (or ÖSTERREICHER or ÖSTREICHER)


Questions, Comments, or Updates? Email: levi@czechroots.net

LEGEND:
  = Link to picture
 = Link to vital record, police conscription record, newspaper announcement, or other document
 = Link to Shoah-related document or image
= Link to graphical family tree
{ nnnn } = Where nnnn = name of unconfirmed family member and/or relationship
( yyyy ) = where yyyy = year or date of birth, to distinguish between people who have the same name
[ My xxxx ] = Relationship to me: where xxxx = GGF = Great-grandfather, 3xGGM = Great-great-great-grandmother, etc.


Updated 22 May 2017



Oesterreicher, Adalbert (aka Vojtěch Rakous)
Oesterreicher, Aron Karl
Oesterreicher, Emil
Oesterreicher, Gustav
Oesterreicher, Hugo (1889)
Oesterreicher, Hugo (1894)
Oesterreicher, Ignatz
Oesterreicher, Josef (?) [ My 4xGGF ]
Oesterreicher, Josef (1845) [ My 2xGGF ]
Oesterreicher, Karel
Oesterreicher, Markus
Oesterreicher, Moses "Moritz"
Oesterreicher, Salomon [ My 3xGGF ]
Oesterreicherová, Adelheid
Oesterreicherová, Anna
Oesterreicherová, Antonia
Oesterreicherová, Božena
Oesterreicherová, Franziska
Oesterreicherová, Hermine
Oesterreicherová, Julie
Oesterreicherová, Kamilla
Oesterreicherová, Karoline
Oesterreicherová, Lea Johanna
Oesterreicherová, Malvine
Oesterreicherová, Mariam Antonia
Oesterreicherová, Marie (1881)
Oesterreicherová, Marie (1905)
Oesterreicherová, Milada (1888) [ My GGM ]
Oesterreicherová, Milada (1911)
Oesterreicherová, Pavlina
Oesterreicherová, Rosa


RAKOUS

Rakous, Josef


Oesterreicher, Adalbert [ b. 8.12.1862, Starý Brázdim (Brandýs), Bohemia - d. 8.8.1935, Prague, Bohemia ] Adalbert Oesterreicher Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document
Adalbert was one of up to17 children of my 3rd-great grandparents Salomon and Barbora (née Pollaková) Oesterreicher of Brázdim, and the brother of my great-great grandfather Josef Oesterreicher. He is of course the renowned Czech-Jewish writer Vojtěch Rakous (a direct Czech translation of his birth name) especially noted for his sometimes humorous but always insightful depictions of Jewish life in Czech central Europe. He married Emilie Neumannová at the Hotel Robiček in Prague on 30 December 1895. Together they had two children, Josef and Božena, both of whom appear to have taken the Rakous surname. According to the available information, Adalbert is buried in the Libeň Jewish Cemetery, which at this point has all but succumbed to time and the elements. Unfortunately the Austrian National Library have still not digitzed the 1935 Prager Taglbatt newspapers, so no obituary is currently available.

Please see the below links for more detailed information on Adalbert's life and work:

YIVO Encyclopedia article by Helena Krejčová (translated by Martin Ward), with links to suggested reading.

Amazon.com collection of Vojtěch Rakous literature

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Salomon
Pollaková, Barbora

Spouse(s):
Neumannová, Emilie

Children:
Rakous, Josef
Oesterreicherová, Božena



Oesterreicher, Aron Karl [ b. 12.12.1864, Starý Brázdim 12, Bohemia - d. ? ] Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document
Aron Karl was one of up to 17 children of my 3rd-great grandparents Salomon and Barbora (née Pollaková) Oesterreicher of Brázdim, and brother of my great-great grandfather Josef Oesterreicher. His birth record clearly identifies him as Aron Karl, but it's clear from various other records - including his childrens' birth records - that he went simply by Karl. He married Karoline Winternitzová on 2 December 1900 at the Restaurant zum Prinzen in Prague. Not much is known about Karl's life or his disposition, but we know he was some kind of businessman based in Prague. He may have been a haberdasher, and if so worked with his brother Adalbert during their residency in Karlín.

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Salomon
Pollaková, Barbora

Spouse(s):
Winternitzová, Karoline

Children:
Oesterreicherová, Marie (1905)
Oesterreicherová, Milada (1911)


Oesterreicher, Hugo (1889) [ b. 24.7.1889, Libeznice, Bohemia - d. 22.10.1937, Prague ]
One of two sons of Moses "Moritz" and Helene (née Fürthová) Oesterreicher. He maried Etelka Naschová on 13 June 1913 at the Karlín Synagogue in Prague. It appears they had only one child, a daughter. Hugo passed away at the young age of 48.

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Moses "Moritz"
Fürthová, Helene

Spouse(s):
Naschová, Etelka

Children:
Oesterreicherová, Helene


Oesterreicher, Hugo (1894) [ b. 2.6.1894, Brázdim (Brandýs), Bohemia - d. Valdivia, Chile ? ] Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Hugo Oesterreicher's VSJF inquiry
A son of Josef and Salie (née Picková) Oesterreicher. Hugo was the younger brother of my great-grandmother Milada Oesterreicherová. The conscription documents show his occupation was "private official." Hugo escaped to South America either prior to or during the war; there he settled and had a family. I still have relatives in Santiago, Chile who run a dental equipment business based in Providencia (a district in Santiago). Other than that, I have no information and have been unable to establish communication with them.

The Holocaust document (link above) mentions my great-parents and all of their children except my grandmother, so I assume it was known to Hugo that my grandmother left Czechoslovakia in 1939. I don't know whether my grandmother was in contact with him subsequent to the war. He's not mentioned in any other documentation I have, but it seems they were both in South America at the same time, perhaps by coincidence. Perhaps not.

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Salomon
Pollaková, Barbora

Spouse(s):
Yes/Unknown

Children:
Yes/Unknown


Oesterreicher, Josef [ b. 20.6.1845, Nový Brázdim 8 (Brandýs), Bohemia - d. 22.11.1918, Brandýs nad Labem, Bohemia ] Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 24 November 1918 Grave of Josef and Salie Oesterreicher, Brandýs Jewish Cemetery (8 May 2012)
My great-great-grandfather. According to the available documentation, Josef is the eldest son of Kalonymus (Salomon) and Barbora (née Pollaková) Oesterreicher, and one of up to 17 children belonging to same. The whole of the Oesterreicher family, evidently starting with his father, settled in Brázdim - a sort of suburb on the outskirts of Brandýs nad Labem. Before that they appear to have come from Hrubá Skála, just to the northeast of Brandýs. Josef was a businessman and/or merchant. He married Salie Picková in Kojetice, which lies between Brandýs and Prague, on 27 July 1869. They had the nine children I've specified here, including a set of twin girls (Anna and Kamilla) who died as newborns, apparently at about two weeks of age. In point of fact all of their first four children died as babies or at very young ages.

Josef died at home from old age-related illnesses, and he and Salie are buried together in the Brandýs Jewish cemetery, which I last visited in May of 2012 (link to picture above).

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Salomon
Pollaková, Barbora

Spouse(s):
Picková, Salie

Children:
Oesterreicher, Emil
Oesterreicher, Gustav
Oesterreicher, Hugo (1894)
Oesterreicherová, Adelheid
Oesterreicherová, Anna
Oesterreicherová, Hermine
Oesterreicherová, Kamilla
Oesterreicherová, Malvine
Oesterreicherová, Milada


Oesterreicher, Karel [ b. 15.12.1886, Brázdim (Brandýs) - d. 29.6.1935, Prague ]
One of two sons of Moses "Moritz" and Helene (née Fürthová) Oesterreicher. Karel's Hebrew name was Karman. He maried Josefa Steinová on 31 August 1909 at the Maisel Synagogue in Prague. It's not clear whether they had any children. Sadly Karel died at the young age of 49, apparently by suicide.

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Moses "Moritz"
Fürthová, Helene

Spouse(s):
Steinová, Josefa

Children:
Unknown


Oesterreicher, Moses "Moritz" [ b. 20.4.1857, Starý Brázdim 12 (Brandýs), Bohemia - d. 19.1.1917, Prague ] Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 20 January 1917
Moses was one of up to 17 children of my 3rd-great grandparents Salomon and Barbora (née Pollaková) Oesterreicher of Brázdim, and brother of my great-great grandfather Josef Oesterreicher. Most of the available documents either refer directly to him as Moritz, or acknowledge his name as Moses with the indication he went by Moritz .

More than one of Moritz's residency records indicate he was a widower. His first wife was Anna née Pollak, who he married at Velvary #23 on 16 August 1880. None of the conscription records contain a reference to his marriage to Anna, but I have located their marriage record and her death record (she died from tuberculosis on 1 April 1885). The only police conscription record that gives a spouse lists Helene née Fürth, his second wife, who died on 11 April 1910. So far I haven't found any documents which record his marriage to Helene Fürth, nor have I located any birth records for his children, although marriage records for the two sons give their vital data. The two sons' marriage records also state Helene was their mother.

Three distinct records give three distinct dates of birth for Moritz: the control birth record says 20 April 1857. The first marriage record says 20 June 1857. The death record seems to give a date of 25 May 1857. Moritz passed away at 7 in the evening from "vitium cordis" - an organic heart defect.

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Salomon
Pollaková, Barbora

Spouse(s):
Pollaková, Anna (deceased)
Fürthová, Helene (deceased)

Children with Anna:
Oesterreicherová, Marie (1881)

Children with Helene:
Oesterreicher, Hugo (1889)
Oesterreicher, Karel


Oesterreicherová, Božena [ b. 30.4.1900, Libeň 440 (Prague) - d. 1943, Auschwitz, Poland ]
Božena was the only daughter of renowned Czech-Jewish writer Vojtěch Rakous (born Adalbert Oesterreicher). I don't believe she took the Rakous surname, so she remained an Oesterreicher until her marriage to Ladislav Schulhof at the Palace Hotel in Prague on 14 January 1923. It's not clear whether they had any children because there are few available Jewish records from after the 1918 formation of the Czechoslovak Republic. The couple lived in Libeň until their deportation in 1942. Ultimately they perished in the Shoah. Last residence: Libeň, Prague.

Poslední bydliště před deportací: Praha VIII
Transport W, č. 285 (08. 02. 1942, Praha -> Terezín)
Transport Ds, č. 1540 (18. 12. 1943, Terezín -> Osvětim)
Zahynula

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Adalbert
Neumannová, Emilie

Spouse(s):
Schulhof, Ladislav

Children:
Unknown


Oesterreicherová, Hermine [ b. 25.2.1884, Brázdim (Brandýs), Bohemia - d. 1943, Auschwitz, Poland ] Hermine Freudenfeld, Passport 1 Photo Hermine Freudenfeldová
Hermine Freudenfeldová (restored)A daughter of Josef and Salie (née Picková) Oesterreicher. Hermine married Gotthold (known as Bohuš) Freudenfeld at the Hotel Bristol in Prague on 27 March 1906. Together they had at least four children. In the family she was called "Herma," a common Czech diminutive for Hermine. She and Gotthold lived at Podolí 425 in Prague - a sort of villa and estate. Apparently they fell into some financial difficulties and her brother-in-law - my great-grandfather Rudolf Klinger - bought and then let the property to them. Later the residence went to my grandmother's two brothers, who lived there until they were arrested by the Gestapo and deported to the concentration camps, and their deaths. The property of course has never been made available for return to my family after expropriation by the Germans and then the Soviets, but it has been taken over by someone in Prague who is slowy renovating it with the intent of preserving as much of its original character as possible. Last residence, Schlözerova 16, Prague.

 




poslední bydliště před deportací: Praha: XII
adresa/místo registrace v Protektorátu: Praha: XII., Schlözerstrasse 16 [XII., Schlözerova 16]
transport De-336 (05.07.1943 Praha -> Terezín)
transport Dr-517 (15.12.1943 Terezín -> Osvětim)

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Josef
Picková, Salie

Spouse(s):
Freudenfeld, Gotthold

Children:
Freudenfeld, Karel (1910)
Freudenfeld, Rudolf (1908)
Freudenveld, Vilém Gustav
Freudenfeldová, Marie (1912)


Oesterreicherová, Julie [ b. 25.4.1859, Starý Brázdim 12 (Brandýs), Bohemia - d. 22.6.1942, Kostelec nad Labem? ]
Julie was a daughter of my 3rd-great grandparents Salomon and Barbora (née Pollaková) Oesterreicher. As with many Oesterreichers of her generation, there is a gap in records - some missing marriage, birth, and death records from years of critical intersest to the family. What records exist aren't always adequately detailed. There is some inconsistency with her birthdate across records as well - one record says 6 November 1856, and the others gives the 1859 date.

Julie married Josef Stern, the widower of her sister Rosa, on 8 June 1887 - a mere four months after her sister passed away. The marriage record is missing from Brandýs and other regional books in the aforementioned gap, but the date of marriage is supplied in their son Karl's birth record. Based on their childrens' dates of birth it is probably the correct date. Together the couple had five children in total, the first of whom was named Rosa, no doubt after the deceased. Sadly that child died at only 24 days old.

Julie's date of death is not certain either, but it looks to be 22 June 1942 based on a record in the JewishGen on-line world burial database, although the record seems to give her father as Jakob. There are many, many mistakes in those on-line records so from my point of view this doesn't present much of a problem. It's probably the same person.

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Salomon
Pollaková, Barbora

Spouse(s):
Stern, Josef

Children:
Stern, Arnošt
Stern, Karl
Sternová, Marie
Sternová, Rosa
Sternová, Zdeňka


Oesterreicherová, Karoline [ b. 2.4.1844, Nový Brázdim 8 (Brandýs), Bohemia - d. ? ]
Karoline was the first-born child of my 3rd-great grandparents Salomon and Barbora (née Pollaková) Oesterreicher. Records concering her marriage and offspring are somewhat murky and perhaps irreconcilable. First, Karoline married Emanuel Grodecký on 4 March 1873 in Brázdim. The marriage record states he was from Tuhaň, not far to the north of Brandýs. The first recorded birth to the couple in the Brandýs Jewish books is that of their daughter Bertha. This record says she was born in Miškovice, which is probably a reference to the Miškovice on the absolute outer limits of Prague (also quite close to Brandýs). The next relevant birth in the same Jewish register is another daughter, Auguste, born 9 July 1878 - this record gives her father as Josef Grodecký, not Emanuel, of Miškovice. There are three more children in this register born to Karoline and Josef. That means Emanuel left the picture sometime between 1873 and 1877, although there are evidently no death records for him, and no other marriage records for Karoline. We know Emanuel didn't die during this window because he's mentioned as a witness at his daughter's 1904 marriage. Even though there's no update in their marriage record and no second marriage record, Karoline and Emanuel must have had a divorce c.1873-77.

It's worth mentioning that Grodecký is a fairly unusual name; because of that it's easier to confirm or refute connections between individuals and families. The surname seems to be concentrated in the corridor which runs from Brandýs to Mělník and environs, and most or all of the individuals in the Jewish registers that I've seen seem to be related.

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Salomon
Pollaková, Barbora

Spouse(s):
Grodecký, Emanuel (divorced?)
Grodecký, Josef

Children with Emanuel:
Grodecká, Bertha

Children with Josef:
Grodecký, Emil
Grodecký, Hugo
Grodecký, Oskar
Grodecká, Auguste


Oesterreicherová, Lea Johanna [ b. 15.3.1867, Starý Brázdim 12 (Brandýs), Bohemia - d. ? ]
Lea was one of up to 17 children of my 3rd-great grandparents Salomon and Barbora (née Pollaková) Oesterreicher. While I have not found a marriage record, we know Lea married Adolf Weiss circa 1892 in or near Kostelec nad Labem. They had at least two children, one of whom perished in the Holocaust.

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Salomon
Pollaková, Barbora

Spouse(s):
Weiss, Adolf

Children:
Weiss, Ladislaus
Weiss, Rudolf


Oesterreicherová, Malvine [ b. 10.6.1882, Brázdim (Brandýs), Bohemia - d. c.1942, probably in Majdanek, Poland ] Police Conscription Document
A daughter of Josef and Salie (née Picková) Oesterreicher. Malvine married Rudolf Pereles on 7 September 1902 at the Klausen Synagogue in Prague. Together they had five children. In the family she was called "Malva," a common Czech diminutive for Malvine. According to the sole available police conscription document, Rudolf and Malvine had two children, Franz and Benno, but as is clear from Rudolf's obituary the Franz is really Franziska (Fanči)- a daughter. Mistakes such as these are common in police conscription documents. It appears that her son Benno was a Holocaust survivor or escapee. Last residence, Veletržní 13, Prague.

poslední bydliště před deportací: Praha: II
adresa/místo registrace v Protektorátu: Praha: VII., Messestrasse 13 [VII., Veletržní 13]
transport Au 1-819 (15.05.1942 Praha -> Terezín)
transport Ay-819 (17.05.1942 Terezín -> Lublin)

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Josef
Picková, Salie

Spouse(s):
Pereles, Rudolf

Children:
Pereles, Benno
Pereles, Fritz (?)
Pereles, Franziska
Perelesová, Lise
Perelesová, Markéta


Oesterreicherová, Mariam Antonia [ b. 15.1.1851, Nový Brázdim 8 (Brandýs), Bohemia - d. ? ]
Mariam was the fifth-born child of my 3rd-great grandparents Salomon and Barbora (née Pollaková) Oesterreicher, and one of up to 17 children. She married Joachim Urbach on 29 June 1879 in Šestajovice, which is right in the neighborhood of all the other Oesterreicher family-related locales to the northeast of Prague. While the marriage record identifies her husband as Joachim, it's quite clear by his apparent obituary that he went by Heinrich and she by Antonie. If these are the same people, then we know them to have had three children. Her fate is as yet unknown, but if the identities and dates are correct at least two of her children perished in the Holocaust.

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Salomon
Pollaková, Barbora

Spouse(s):
Urbach, Joachim/Heinrich

Children:
Urbach, Rudolf
Urbach, Viktor
Urbachová, Ida


Oesterreicherová, Milada (1888) [ b. 1.4.1888, Starý Brázdim (Brandýs), Bohemia - d. 1944, Auschwitz, Poland] Police Conscription Document Marriage Announcement, Prager Tagblatt, 25 October 1908 Klinger Family, c. 1928 Hugo Oesterreicher's VSJF inquiry Deportation Card
Milada was my great-grandmother, and the youngest daughter of Josef and Salie (née Picková) Oesterreicher. She married Rudolf Klinger on 25 October 1908 at the Hotel Bristol in Prague. She was sometimes known as Milka or Mila in the family, but her birth record actually lists her as Melanie. Further research shows both names (Milada and Melanie) appear variously across a range of records. Her family were from Brázdim, a village just outside of Brandýs nad Labem.

We have living relatives in Chile who are descendents of Milada's brother Hugo. We know that Hugo Oesterreicher was in touch with Milada, Rudolf, and family before the Holocaust, and that he did not know what happened to them. In 1944, he enlisted the services of a Swiss organization to help determine their whereabouts, but even after reaching out to various groups, it's not clear if his inquiries yielded any results. Hugo may have been in touch with Yad Vashem at some point as well. It appears that Milada's husband Rudolf died on her birthday in 1942, about one month before she was deported to Terezín. Last residence: Ruská 20/562 in Vršovice, Prague.

I had the fortune of meeting Holocaust-survivor and writer Eva Roubíčková, and spending an afternoon with her in her Prague flat. It turns out that she knew Milada, and her sons František and Karel while they were all in Terezín. According to the diary Eva kept while in the ghetto and concentration camp, Milada was assigned to agricultural duties as a sort of manager (and worker). Coming from a farming family this makes some sense. Last residence, Ruská 20/562, Prague.

poslední bydliště před deportací: Praha: XIII
adresa/místo registrace v Protektorátu: Praha: XIII., Russische Strasse 20 [XIII., Ruská 20]
transport Au-823 (12.05.1942 Praha -> Terezín)
transport Em-1397 (01.10.1944 Terezín -> Osvětim)

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Josef
Picková, Salie

Spouse(s):
Klinger, Rudolf (1881)

Children:
Klingerová, Kamilla (1909)
Klingerová, Zdeňka (1911)
Klinger, František (1915)
Klinger, Karel
Klinger, Zdeněk


Oesterreicherová, Rosa [ b. 22.9.1848, Nový Brázdim 8 (Brandýs), Bohemia - 4.2.1887, Veleň, Bohemia ]
Rosa was a daughter of my 3rd-great grandparents Salomon and Barbora (née Pollaková) Oesterreicher. She married Josef Stern in Brázdim on 25 April 1876. Together they had four children before her untimely death at only 39 years of age. No cause of death is included in the death register.

Well worth noting - it appears that her husband married Rosa's sister Julie just four months after Rosa passed away.

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Salomon
Pollaková, Barbora

Spouse(s):
Stern, Josef

Children:
Stern, Emil
Stern, Rudolf
Sternová, Anna
Sternová, Regina


Rakous, Josef [ b. 18.10.1896, Libeň 440 (Prague) - d. 1942, Poland ]

Josef Rakous, born Oesterreicher, was the only son of venerated Czech-Jewish writer Vojtěch Rakous (born Adalbert Oesterreicher). The surname Rakous is a direct Czech translation of the Germanic Oesterreicher, and of course Vojtěch is the Czech analogue of the German Adalbert. Josef took the new family name in 1935, but I believe Adalbert changed it a good deal earlier than that. Josef was married to Marta (surname unknown). Both perished in the Holocaust. The prisoners deported from Terezín on transport Ab were first sent to a staging area at Izbica in Lublin County, Poland but from there sent to any of Majdanek, Sobibor, or Belzec where the Nazis forced them into hard labor and ultimately murdered them. Last residence: Podskalská41, Prague.

Poslední bydliště před deportací: Praha II
Adresa/místo registrace v Protektorátu: Praha II, Podskalská 41
Transport V, č. 575 (30. 01. 1942, Praha -> Terezín)
Transport Ab, č. 8 (17. 03. 1942, Terezín -> Izbica)
Zahynul

Parents:
Oesterreicher, Adalbert
Neumannová, Emilie

Spouse(s):
Unknown, Marta

Children:
Unknown


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