MARKUS FISCHEL family (Fischel I)

Questions, Comments, or Updates? Email: levi@czechroots.net

LEGEND:
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{ nnnn } = Where nnnn = unconfirmed family member and/or relationship
( yyyy ) = where yyyy = year or date of birth, to distinguish between people who have the same name
[ My xxxx ] = Relationship to me: where xxxx = GGF = Great-grandfather, 3xGGM = Great-great-great-grandmother, etc.


Updated 7 May 2017


Fischel, August (Gustav)
Fischel, Emanuel (1848)
Fischel, Emanuel (1879)
Fischel, Hugo
Fischel, Josef (1801) [ My 3xGGF ]
Fischel, Josef (1864)
Fischel, Karl
Fischel, Leopold
Fischel, Markus (?) [ My 4xGGF ]
Fischel, Markus (1835)
Fischel, Markus (1845)
Fischel, Michael
Fischel, Moises
Fischel, Rudolf
Fischel, Samuel
Fischel, Simon
Fischelová, Bertha
Fischelová, Elisabetha
Fischelová, Emilie
Fischelová, Franziska
Fischelová, Hermine
Fischelová, Josefina
Fischelová, Katharina
Fischelová, Karoline
Fischelová, Marie [ My 2xGGM ]
Fischelová, Pauline
Fischelová, Rosa



Fischel, Emanuel (1848)
[ b. 24.1.1848, Hostivař 77 (Prague) - d. 24.1.1851, Hostivař 77 (Prague) ]

Emanuel was a son of Josef and Josefa Fischel. According to the birth record, the mohel was Jakob Klinger of Šeberov - my 4th-great-grandfather. Unfortunately the family lost Emanuel when we was only 3 years old.

Parents:
Fischel, Josef
Fischelová, Josefa

Spouse(s):
None

Children:
None

Fischel, Josef (1801) [ b. 1801 - d. ? ]
Josef is my 3rd-great-grandfather and one of at least four known sons of Markus and Franziska (née Katz) Fischel. He married Josefa Fischelová (no apparent relation) on 10 January 1833 (this is a consensus date rather than an actual wedding date), presumably in the Prague area - perhaps in Hostivař where the family settled, and where all of his children were born. This date is given in the birth records for two of his daughters. Josef and Josefa had no fewer than the 11 children we have identified here. Unfortunately there are no conscription, obituary, or other vital records that definitely pertain to Josef and his wife, or his parents.

We can see from some of the childrens' birth records that both Josef and his father Markus were considered "Familianten." For a more detailed exploration of these records please see Markus Fischel's profile.

Parents:
Fischel, Markus
Katzová, Franziska

Spouse(s):
Fischelová, Josefa

Children:
Fischel, Emanuel (1848)
Fischel, Leopold
Fischel, Markus (1835)
Fischel, Markus (1845)
Fischel, Simon
Fischelová, Elisabetha
Fischelová, Franziska
Fischelová, Karoline
Fischelová, Katharina
Fischelová, Marie
Fischelová, Rosa


Fischel, Leopold [ b. 6.9.1836 Hostivař 18 (Prague) - d. ? ] Police Conscription Document Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 27 January 1901
Leopold was the second son of Josef and Josefa Fischel, and older brother of my great-great-grandmother Marie Fischelová. Unfortunately there is a fairly large gap in the records from the Hostivař area for the relevant time periods, and as a result we can only conjecture based on other, less substantive records. Here are my guesses:

Leopold married Anna Singer around 1863, probably in Hostivař or Chodov. Between 1863 and 1874 the couple appear to have had six surviving children, five of whom were born in Chodov. After their 1874 move to Vršovice, they had four additional children. Evidently they stayed in Vršovice for about 25 years until finally moving to Vinohrady. Note that both Chodov and Vršovice are now officially attached to Prague, but at that time they were self-contained villages on the outskirts of the city, as was Hostivař - that's why we see almost no records for family members from these locales during the time period of interest, and why there are few or no vital records for them in the Prague Jewish registers. The conscription record says he was a "Getreidehändler" - a grain merchant. The Hostivař index gives the names and years of birth of several children born to a Leopold and Anna Fischel, but it's just a names index - no exact dates, no other identifying details of any kind, and no lineage.

The birth record for one of Leopold's granddaughters explicitly labels Anna his first wife, which by definition (usually!) means he was married more than once. There is no second wife mentioned on the conscription record. There is a 1904 obituary for an Anna Fischel née Singer which reports she died in Vinohrady. Her matching death record says she was a widow and indicates she was also from Hostivař.

Parents:
Fischel, Josef (1801)
Fischelová, Josefa

Spouse(s):
Singerová, Anna - probable

Children - probable:
Fischel, August (Gustav)
Fischel, Emanuel (1879)
Fischel, Hugo
Fischel, Josef (1864)
Fischel, Karl
Fischel, Rudolf
Fischelová, Bertha
Fischelová, Emilie
Fischelová, Pauline


Fischel, Markus [ b. - d. 12.12.1811 ]
My 4th-great grandfather. The limited and disparate documentation from the late 18th-early 19th centuries has relegated us mostly to guessing about identities, locations, and family connections, especially for those folks who weren't from Prague. We know for sure from Markus's grandchildrens' birth records that he was a so-called "familiant." A close examination of the same records indicates his wife was Franziska née Katz, and those records provide a few details from which we can infer a lot.

A "familiant" was a Jewish family which was recognized and authorized by the state. Familiant status afforded certain minor civil privileges such as legal, civil marriage as opposed to "only" a Jewish marriage, for example, which wasn't automatically sanctioned by the state. The Familianten registers were intended to provide for a legal limit to the number of Jews in the Czech lands to something like 12000 families; within and without those limits there were restrictions on what Jews could do, where they could live, and who was legally allowed marry, etc. For the Fischels, one of the familiant locations appears to be "Neuhof" - a reference to Nový Dvůr. There are a number of places in the Czech lands with this name, but cross-referencing the Jewish census books reveals that this is "Nový Dvůr near Hostouň." That is either Hostouň near Plzeň, or Hostouň near Prague - probably the latter, as these records are Rakovnik-area listings. Checking against the relevant Rakovnický familiant books (it's noteworthy that there are at least 4 familiant records for this family), there is in fact a Markus Fischel family in "Neuhof gut" with sons Moises, Josef, Michael, and Samuel with dates that match what we would expect of my family. The 1811 Jewish census explicitly notes the familiant registration numbers, so we know these are the right connections. Considering later information we also know this Markus's son is definitely our Josef, and thus the rest of the ostensible family members are also confirmed. If we refer again to the 1811 Jewish census and the location as specified on the familiant records, it is clearly "Hrdlý gut." In the birth records of Markus's grandchildren, the familiant reference looks like it says "Herliw" but it is not especially legible - it could be a reference to "Hrdlív" which is also in the census records (although apparently not populated by Fischels). It's possible the locations were simply confused by the person preparing the documentation. Regardless, we know the family were in both Nový Dvůr and Hrdlý prior to settling in Hostivař.

It's worth noting that in some of these early records the surname is spelled "Fieschl." Markus's father's identity is also not certain. There are two apparent brothers, Löwi and Ferdinand Fieschl - both lived at the same address, both had a wife Roßl, and both had a non-married son Markus, and all at the same time.

Parents:
Fischel, Löwi or Ferdinand
Unknown, Roßl

Spouse(s):
Katzová, Franziska

Children:
Fischel, Josef (1801)
Fischel, Michael
Fischel, Moises
Fischel, Samuel


Fischel, Markus (1845) [ b. 29.12.1845, Hostivař 77 (Prague) - d. ? ] Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 27 January 1901
A son of Josef and Josefa Fischel, Markus was the second child in the family given this name. The first was born ten years earlier, but that child died at only two weeks of age. Considering Josef's father was also Markus, it's not surprising the family elected to give the name to another son. Like many of his contemporaries from the Hostivař area, a lot of the information we have for this Markus is piecemeal and somewhat speculative.

What we know: Markus's brit mila ceremony took place at home, and was performed by Jakob Klinger - my 4th-great grandfather. There appears to be a marriage for this Markus which occurred in 1871 - maybe in Hostivař - but the record is only an index (in the Karlín book, no less) and as such contains no details - not even his wife's name. There is no corresponding entry in the actual detailed Karlín Jewish marriage registers. Evidently this same Markus died in 1909 (obituary above) - this appears to be right because his gravestone in the New Jewish Cemetery in Prague correctly identifies his parents by their Hebrew names.

Parents:
Fischel, Josef (1801)
Fischelová, Josefa

Spouse(s):
Unknown

Children:
Unknown


Fischel, Simon [ b. 22.3.1857, Hostivař 19 (Prague) - d. ? ] Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document
Simon was the youngest son of Josef and Josefa Fischel, and brother of my great-great-grandmother Marie Fischelová. Simon was a butcher. It's worth considering that because the Fischel and Klinger families were close, perhaps going back to the latter's pre-Prague residence in the Liten area, Simon may have worked with Josef Klinger. There is a minor discrepancy in the birthdates listed in the available documents: The census record indicates he was born 20 April 1857, but the actual birth record says 22 March 1857. Adding to the uncertain nature of these dates, the birth record clearly notes a brit mila on 26 March (on the 5th rather than 8th day of life - this is basically unheard of) - the mohel is listed as Leopold Klinger of Šeberov, my 3rd-great grandfather. The census record also indicates Simon was married to the former Marie Neummanová of Michle; the same includes a change of status - a divorce - dated 9 March 1889, and a notation that their daughter Josefina married and/or lived with her husband in Nové Benátky. Prior to that and after the divorce the two daughters lived with Marie in Michle.

One of the conscription records includes a note (presumably before 1889) which says Simon and Marie were separated, but that his living situation in Prague was unknown.

Parents:
Fischel, Josef (1801)
Fischelová, Josefa

Spouse(s):
Neumannová, Marie (divorced)

Children:
Fischelová, Hermine
Fischelová, Josefina


Fischelová, Elisabetha [ b. 8.7.1833, Hostivař 18 (Prague) - d. ? ]
The oldest child of Josef and Josefa Fischel. Currently we have no information on her life or fate.

Parents:
Fischel, Josef (1801)
Fischelová, Josefa

Spouse(s):
None

Children:
None


Fischelová, Franziska [ b. 10.11.1838, Hostivař 77 (Prague) - d. 18.12.1904, Nová Ves pod Pleší, Bohemia ]
The second daughter of Josef and Josefa Fischel and elder sister of my great-great-grandmother Marie Fischelová. As with all of the other Hostivař-based family members from this era, there's scant information. What we can conjecture, however, is of great interest to the broader family tree. Franziska appears to have married one Samuel Rezek of Nová Ves pod Pleší (near Dobříš, which figures in) on 20 January 1857 in Chodov. I've identified 11 of their offspring so far. What's especially compelling is Samuel's possible relationship to the Rezek family as attached to the Klinger family. Because of gaps in the records for key periods, we may never know, but it's possible Samuel was the brother of Moritz Rezek, husband of Marie Klingerová - the sister of my great-great-grandfather Josef. Like the Klingers, those Rezeks seem to have come from the Dobříš/Liten area. They also seem to have resettled in the Chodov/Šeberov/Kunratice/Průhonice/Uhříněves area (all now part of southern Prague) at about the same time. In any case, this would add another set of connections between the Klingers, Fischels, and Rezeks, and that is a testament to not only the strong ties between and within these particular families, but may offer a glimpse into how a Czech-Jewish community in a less populous area could have developed in the late 18th century.

With regard to Samuel and Moritz, we simply can't tell if they had the same parents. The usual working-backwards kind of research allows us to piece together families by looking at birth records of children, which almost always contain the parents' names, and from time to time also the parents' lineage. In addition that approach lets us distinguish between people with the same name in the same area (for two contemporary Samuel Rezeks, for example, which there were). No such luck for either Samuel or Moritz, quite astonishingly - there is no lineage included in the birth records of any of their children. We only have the single marriage record, which gives Samuel's parents as Jakob and Katharina (née Krasa) Rezek.

Parents:
Fischel, Josef (1801)
Fischelová, Josefa

Spouse(s):
Rezek, Samuel

Children:
Rezek, David
Rezek, Emanuel
Rezek, Gottlieb
Rezek, Josef
Rezek, Markus (1866)
Rezek, Markus (1873)
Rezek, Rudolf
Rezková, Eleonora
Rezková, Emilie
Rezková, Kamilla
Rezková, Karoline


Fischelová, Karoline [ b. 12.5.1843, Hostivař 77 (Prague) - d. 3.2.1912, Vinohrady 365, Prague ] Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 5 February 1912
The middle daughter of Josef and Josefa Fischel, and elder sister of my great-great-grandmother Marie Fischelová. She married Emanuel Bondy probably in Liteň c. 1864, and had no fewer than the nine children listed here. Karoline passed away at home at 6:30 in the evening from a "long, serious illness" - the death record appears to list chronic nephritis / kidney failure as the cause of death. Karoline was buried in the New Jewish Cemetery in Prague.

Parents:
Fischel, Josef (1801)
Fischelová, Josefa

Spouse(s):
Bondy, Emanuel

Children:
Bondy, Josef (1871)
Bondy, Simon Josef
Bondyová, Amalie
Bondyová, Charlotte
Bondyová, Henriette
Bondyová, Hermine (1870)
Bondyová, Mathilde
Bondyová, Marie (1874)
Bondyová, Ottilie


Fischelová, Katharina [ b. 27.11.1849, Hostivař 77 (Prague) - d. 3.12.1920, Truhlářská 4, Prague 1 ] Police Conscription Document Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 4 December 1920
The second youngest daughter of Josef and Josefa Fischel, Katharina was the sister of my great-great-grandmother Marie. Katharina married Leopold Pollatschek on 23 June 1869 in Prague; she was widowed when he passed away in 1884. Prior to Leopold's death they seem to have lived in the village of Nová Hospoda, near Kamenice, where they had the six children listed here. Shortly following his passing, she and their children first moved to Štiřín, and later to Prague II near Václavské Náměstí (the last address is according to the 1911 police conscription document). Katharina died at home at 11:30 a.m. from several debilitating health issues, which according to the death record and in presumable order of primacy are: "arteriosclerosis, myodegen. cordis, debil. cordis, and paral. cordis." She is buried in the New Jewish Cemetery in Prague.

Note that this Katharina Pollatschek is the mother of the Kamilla Pollatschek who married Gustav Klinger, eldest son of Karel (1847) and Marie (née Lustig) Klinger. The Fischel and Klinger families are thus connected at least twice - first through Katharina's sister Marie Fischelová who was married to Josef Klinger (they were my great-great-grandparents), and second to the aforementioned Josef Klinger's brother Karel Klinger (1847) through his son Gustav and her daughter Kamilla as noted above. It's worth mentioning that the addresses on the available conscription documents for Katharina and some of the children listed in the below obituary are very close to one another, all on Politických vězňů Street in Prague II.

Parents:
Fischel, Josef (1801)
Fischelová, Josefa

Spouse(s):
Pollatschek, Leopold

Children:
Pollatschek, Emil
Poláček, Hugo
Pollatschek, Josef
Pollatschek, Otto
Pollatscheková, Bertha
Pollatscheková, Kamilla


Fischelová, Marie [ b. 23.3.1854, Hostivař 77 (Prague) - d. 27.7.1912, Vršovice 18 (Prague) ]  Photograph Photograph Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Funeral Announcements, Prager Tagblatt Danksagung, Prager Tagblatt
The youngest daughter of Josef and Josefa Fischel, and my great-great-grandmother. Marie married Josef Klinger (1851) on 31 October 1876 in Prague, and together they had 8 children including my great-grandfather Rudolf. From the funeral announcement, her living siblings in 1912 were her brother Simon, and sisters Katharina Pollatschek & Rosa Pick. Marie passed away at home at 10:45 at night from chronic nephritis or kidney failure - the same condition that caused the death of her older sister Karoline, who passed away just a few months before Marie.

Parents:
Fischel, Josef (1801)
Fischelová, Josefa

Spouse(s):
Klinger, Josef (1851)

Children:
Klinger, Arnošt
Klinger, Hugo (1877)
Klinger, Leopold (1890)
Klinger, Rudolf (1881)
Klingerová, Hermine (1887)
Klingerová, Kamilla (1879)
Klingerová, Olga (1885)
Klingerová, Pauline


Fischelová, Rosa [b. 17.12.1840, Hostivař 77 (Prague) - d. 23.1.1916, Prague] Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 25 January 1916
Daughter of Josef and Josefa Fischel, and sister of my great-great-grandmother. Rosa married Weit Pick on 4 July 1860 at Chodov 16 . The available records point to five offpsring of the couple, but we have only identified four children. Other documents reveal a divorce which was certified on 28 April 1883 in Prague. Rosa's obituary lists the expected family members (minus her former husband, as we would expect), and also indicates she was a retired "Hausmutter des israelitischen Krankenpflegerinnen-Heims" which translates literally as the housemother of a Jewish home-care nurse's association.

Note: On further study of one of the conscription records, it may be that her ex-husband Weit may have returned in Sudovo Hlavno (near Brandýs) following the divorce - this is where he originated and where all of their children seem to have been born. That correlates with the oldest entry on her individual conscription record which indicates a separation in 1878-1879, and also indicates that Rosa and took up residence in Prague around that time.

Parents:
Fischel, Josef (1801)
Fischel, Josefa

Spouse(s):
Pick, Weit (divorced)

Children:
Pick, Emanuel
Pick, Josef
Picková, Aloisie
Picková, Marie (1863)



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