ADLER

Questions, Comments, or Updates? Email: levi@czechroots.net

LEGEND:
  = Link to picture
 = Link to vital record, police conscription record, newspaper announcement, or other document
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{ xxxx } = Unconfirmed family member and/or relationship.
( xxxx ) = Year or date of birth, to distinguish between people who have the same name.
[ My xxxx ] = Relationship to me: GGF = Great-grandfather, 3xGGM = Great-great-great-grandmother, etc.


Updated 21 May 2017

Adler, Alfred (1855)
Adler, Alfred
Adler, Arthur
Adler, Karel
Adler, Leopold
Adler, Markus
Adler, Moritz
Adler, Moses
Adler, Oskar
Adler, Rudolf (1883)
Adler, Rudolf (?)
Adler, Salomon (Simon)
Adler, Viktor
Adler, (Stillborn)
Adlerová, Antonia
Adlerová, Bundi
Adlerová, Elisabet
Adlerová, Franziska
Adlerová, Hedwig
Adlerová, Helena
Adlerová, Hermina
Adlerová, Johanna
Adlerová,
Josefa
Adlerová, Karoline
Adlerová, Leopoldine
Adlerová, Rebekka
Adlerová, Roza
Adlerová, Theresia
Adlerová, Zdeňka


Adler, Alfred (1855) [ b. 12.9.1855, 803/II, Prague - d. 1947, Braşov, Romania ] Police Conscription Document  Alfred Adler Photographs
A son of Markus Adler and Johanna (née Brummelová). As with other Adlers specifics are scarce, but we know that Alfred worked with his brothers Leopold and Moritz in their atelier business in Braşov (German: Kronstadt), Romania after moving there in about 1870. In 1907, Alfred purchased a villa in Băile Tuşnad, Romania (just ouside of Braşov), which he bequeathed to his children.

Less certain information follows - mostly based on hearsay reports and circumstantial record. Alfred married Helene Springer and had several children, some of whom also became photographers.  Alfred's youngest son, also apparently called Alfred, apparently emigrated to California, but I have yet to dig up any information on this person. Alfred's daughter Johanna maried Jenő Korner and they escaped persecution in Europe by going to Australia; she of course founded the eponymous Madame Korner beauty products business which was carried on by her son and is still a household name Down Under. Special thanks to information and images provided by Vilmos Eröss.

Parents:
Adler, Markus
Brummelová, Johanna

Spouse(s):
Springerová, Helene

Children:
Adler, Alfred (?)
Adler, Oskar
Adler, Rudolf
Adler, Viktor
Adlerová, Johanna
Adlerová, Roza


Adler, Arthur [ b. 30.9.1878, 583/II, Prague - d. 27.8.1889, Prague, Bohemia ] Police Conscription Document Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 28 August 1889
Arthur was the eldest child of Karel and Marie (née Ženišková) Adler. He died from acute kidney disease (Rierenentzündung) at age 11, just one day after his sister Karoline and only a few days before their sister Zdeňka. All of the chlidren passed away from the same condition.

Parents:
Adler, Karel
Ženišková, Marie

Spouse(s):
None

Children:
None


Adler, Karel [ b. 29.12.1853, 285/II, Prague - d. 6.3.1918, Prague ] Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 7 March 1918 Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 8 March 1918 Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 8 March 1918
A son of Markus and Johanna (née Brummelová) Adler. Karel married the former Marie Ženišek and together they had no fewer than 7 children. Notes: the 7 March obituary has his brother Moritz listed as "Max," which is curious but is consistent with at least one of Moritz's conscription documents and other obituaries in which he's mentioned. Karel's obituary also says that his son Rudolf is "im feld," meaning serving in the military.

I've roughly translated Karel's 7 March obituary. This is typical of the period but it's a lovely sentiment nonetheless:

"Prostrate in unspeakable pain, we give all the relatives, friends and acquaintances, the sad news that it has pleased the Almighty, our beloved husband, father, grandfather, brother, and uncle Karl Adler has been wrested from us. The same died suddenly in his prime, only dedicated to the welfare of his family life, at the age of 64 years. The funeral of the dear departed will be held on Friday...."

I don't have a very good translation for the following day's newspaper announcement from the "Knabenwaisenhaus" or Jewish boys' orphanage, upon whose council Karel served. Basically it says he was the vice-chairman of the council and that he was totally devoted to serving the organization.

Three of Karel's young children - Arthur (age 11), Karoline (age 8), and Zdeňka (age 4) - all died within about a one-week period in late August-early September, 1889. According to the obituaries, they died from Rierenentzündung which I believe is what we now call glomerulonephritis, a type of kidney failure that occurs in children. For all three children to have acquired this painful (and in those days terminal) disease raises the possibility that they might have shared some hereditary condition or were poisoned by something in the environment. One can only imagine how shocking and heartbreaking that must have been for their parents and the whole family.

Parents:
Adler, Markus
Brummelová, Johanna

Spouse(s):
Ženišková, Marie

Children:
Adler, Arthur
Adler, Rudolf
Adlerová, Hedwig
Adlerová, Hermine
Adlerová, Karoline
Adlerová, Leopoldine
Adlerová, Zdeňka


Adler, Leopold [ b. 5.7.1848, Nusle 2 (Prague) - d. 8.5.1924, Braşov, Romania ] Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Obituary, Kronstadter Zeitung, 8 May 1924 Obituary, Kronstadter Zeitung, 8 May 1924 Obituary, Gazeta de Transilvania, 8 May 1924 Leopold Adler Photographs
A son of Markus Adler and Johanna (née Brummelová). Leopold was a renowned portrait photographer in Braşov, Romania and all through Austria-Hungary. Most notably he worked with his two younger brothers, Moritz, a noted portrait and landscape photographer, and Alfred (1855). Prior to joining his brothers he worked with Carl Bömches and other photographers in the area. Moritz founded the Adler Brothers photographic studio in Braşov, Romania in c.1870, and Leopold took over the studio around 1875 when Moritz returned to Bohemia to found a new photo-atelier. Around that time it appears Leopold met and married Caroline Muschalek in Braşov.  She was the sister of Leopold's former partner and fellow photographer Carl Muschalek. During Leopold's semi-retirement from c.1900-1909, his assistants Josef Schuller and son took over proprietorship of the Adler atelier in Braşov, and traded on his name - they marketed themselves as "Leopold Adler's Nachfolger," his "successor." It's not clear whether Leopold and Caroline had any children, but they lived out their days in Romania, as did Leopold's brother Alfred. Thanks to Leopold's relative Olga Herdová of Slovakia and my friend Vilmos Eröss for providing additional information and sharing some of Leopold's pictures.

Parents:
Adler, Markus
Brummelová, Johanna


Spouse(s):
Muschalek, Caroline

Children:
Unknown


Adler, Markus [ b. 3.2.1814, Nusle (Prague) - d. c.1858, Nusle ?] Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document
Markus was born to Moses and Anna (née Sommerová) Adler, one of an unknown number of children. He appears in an 1845 familiant record which suggests his family had been in Prague for some time previously, and he was a wealthy owner of a chemical or industrial business of some kind. He married Johanna Brummelová in Karlín on 1 February 1846. Together they had the nine children listed here, but it's possible there was at least one more.

Parents:
Adler, Moses
Sommerová, Anna

Spouse(s):
Brummelová, Johanna

Children:
Adler, Alfred (1855)
Adler, Karel
Adler, Leopold
Adler, Moritz
Adler, Salomon (Simon)
Adlerová, Antonia
Adlerová, Franziska
Adlerová, Josefa
Adlerová, Theresia

Adler, Moritz [b. 12.7.1850, Nusle 2 (Prague) - d. 29.11.1920, Prague] Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 1 December 1920 Moritz Adler Studio at the Jubilee Exhibition, Prague, 1891 Moritz Adler Photographs Advert from Prager Tagblatt, 1 June 1881
A son of Markus and Johanna (née Brummelová) Adler.  Moritz was a noted photographer in Austria-Hungary (more details follow). He was married twice, first to Emma Slonitzová at the Hotel Stein in Prague on 10 February 1884. Together they had one child who was stillborn, no doubt due at least in part to Emma's tuberculosis, from which she passed away at the young age of 23 on 15 July 1885. Moritz remained a widower for several years, until married Marie Kassowitzová on 11 January 1891 at a Prague synagogue (it could be the High Synagogue, but it's not clear from the available documentation). Marie was the sister of my great-grandmother, so Moritz was my grandfather's uncle. Moritz and Marie had two daughters.

Moritz was a portait, topographical, and cultural photographer, having originally set up an atelier at Purzengasse 14 in Braşov, Romania c.1870-71. The studio evolved into "Adler Brothers" c.1872-73, when brothers Leopold and Alfred (1855) joined him in its operation. Leopold, a perhaps more famous and skilled portrait photographer, took over proprietorship of the Adler studio c.1875. I have no data on Moritz's whereabouts in the five years following this change of hands, but we know that on 31 March 1881 Moritz filed an application for a permit to operate a photographic business in Prague. His permit was approved on 20 April of that year, and he opened an atelier at Žitna 36 in Nové Město, Prague (see the advert printed in the Prager Tagblatt newspaper the following week). From the incomplete translation of the documentation I have, it seems that Moritz extended his license to a new studio located at Na příkopě 2 which is on the edge of Wenceslaus Square and now contains a theater and the Mustek metro station, and then expanded again in 1890 to Charvátová 8, the latter the address of photographer Hassel with whom he shared studio space.  These were very prestigious locations for businesses in Prague at that time. Moritz had his own exhibits at the Jubilee Exhibition 1891 and the Czech and Slavonic Ethnographic Exhibition in 1895, both in Prague (See Pictures).  The Czech National Archives have documentation showing that Moritz was permitted to set up satellite offices in Benešov and Karlovy Vary, and at least one of conscription document notes a residence in the latter. Those offices became successful and notable for their portaits, topographical photography, and heliotyping/collotyping. It is also evident that Moritz had a satellite office in Strakonice. Historical reference to Moritz's career and activities was published in Czech by Pavel Scheufler, a photography historian; besides my own research, I've translated some of that data and presented it here.

Moritz passed away after a long illness - a degenerative heart condition - on 29 November 1920, and is buried in the New Jewish Cemetery. He was survived by his wife and daughter Helena. Moritz's obituary confirms that Helena was married to Bedřich Süs, which I had previously determined based on circumstantial information.

Additional notes: Moritz also used the first name "Max," as is evident from the police conscription records as well as various obituaries in which he's mentioned. It should be noted that there was a contemporary Max Adler in Prague who may have also been involved in photography. It is unclear where his first wife (Emma Slonitzová) originated, but we know her parents were Elieasar Josef Slonitz and Karolina née Plohn. There were only a few Slonitzes in Prague through the latter 18th and the entire 19th centuries, so it's probable they came from somewhere outside the city - the Czech town of Zlonice (Czech form of the the German name Slonitz) is a strong possibility. With its large German population and cultural influences, Brno is also a possibility.

Parents:
Adler, Markus
Brummelová, Johanna


Spouse(s):
Slonitzová, Emma - deceased
Kassowitzová, Marie

Children with Emma:
Adler, <Stillborn>

Children with Marie:
Adlerová, Elisabet
Adlerová, Helena

Adlerova, Antonia [ b. 2.5.1844, Nusle (Prague) - d. 27.1.1911, Prague ] Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 29 January 1911 Danksagung, Prager Tagblatt, 2 February 1911
A daughter of Markus and Johanna (née Brummelová) Adler. Antonia was the second wife of Adolf Kraus, whom she married on 15 January 1878 in Prague. Together they had 3 children. Curiously none of her stepchildren are mentioned in her obituary, but they are all noted in the conscription records.

Parents:
Adler, Markus
Brummelová, Johanna


Spouse(s):
Kraus, Adolf

Children:
Kraus, Artur
Kraus, Maximillian
Krausová, Elsa


Adlerová, Elisabet
[ b. 5.9.1892, Prague - d. 7.1.1900, Vinohrady 311 (Prague) ] Police Conscription Document Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 8 January 1900
Elisabet was the elder daughter of Moritz and Marie (née Kassowitzová) Adler, and was the first cousin of my grandfather - in point of fact my great-grandfather Siegfried was a witness at her naming ceremony. Elisabet, called Elise in the family, passed away at home from brain cancer at 1:30 a.m. at a little over 7 years of age. She is buried in the New Jewish Cemetery. The obituary reads:

"Prostrate with pain we give our relatives and friendss the sad news of the passing of our beloved child Elise, which after severe suffering she fell gently asleep in the 8th year of life. The funeral will be held in the mortuary at the Jewish cemetery in Strašnice at 3 o'clock in the afternoon. Carriages for those in attendance will be ready near the Landes-Museum at Wenzelsplatz."

Parents:
Adler, Moritz
Kassowitzová, Marie

Spouse(s):
None

Children:
None


Adlerová, Franziska [ b. 14.6.1846, Staré Město 889 (Prague) - d. 14.9.1885, Vinohrady (Prague) ] Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 16 September 1885
Franziska was a daughter of Markus and Johanna (née Brummelová) Adler. Franziska married Simon Zuckermann of Hřešihlavy- a hamlet near Hořovice, outside of Plzeň. I have not located their marriage record but it was certainly c. 1875. It's plausible that that Simon was somehow related to Adolf Zuckermann, husband of Franziska's sister Theresia. Adolf Zuckermann was either born in or lived in the Mirovice area, which is only about 70km from Hřešihlavy. In any event, other data are more compelling - the four Adler brothers and their wives are listed in Simon's obituary (Leopold, "Max," Karl, and Alfred) and both of Franziska's sons were photographers, like their uncles. Franziska died at only 39 years old from complications of tuberculosis, and she's buried in the Olšany cemetery with her husband.

Parents:
Adler, Markus
Brummelová, Johanna


Spouse(s):
Zuckermann, Simon

Children:
Zuckermann, Julius
Zuckermann, Leopold
Zuckermannová, Gisela

Adlerová, Helena [ b. 18.8.1894, 212/II, Prague - d. c.1942, probably in Majdanek, Poland ] Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document 
Helena was the younger daughter of Moritz and Marie (née Kassowitzová) Adler, and was the first cousin of my grandfather. She married Bedřich Süs on 26 March 1918 in Prague. Together they had two children. At this time I have no additional information on her life - only that concerning her victimization during the Holocaust. The ITS state they have no further information about Helena following her deportation from Terezín to Lublin on the Ay transport, however they did say "from an announcement of the former Czechoslovakian Red Cross in Prague of 25th May 1951...the transports "Ay," "Ap," and "AAh" has (sic) to be regarded as "Todestransport" (Transports of Death) because less than 10% of the deportees had returned after the war." Last residence: According to the Czech Holocaust archive it was Klimentská 26, Prague.

From ITS:

Suesowa, Helena, born on 18.08.1894, was deported in 15th May 1942 by the "Geheime Staats-Polizei Prag" with transport "Au-1" to the Theresienstadt Ghetto, and was transferred on 17th May 1942 with transport "AY" to Lublin. Category: "Jüdin"

poslední bydlište pred deportací: Praha: V
adresa/místo registrace v Protektorátu: Praha: II., Klemensgasse 26 [II., Klimentská 26]
transport Au 1-591 (15.05.1942 Praha -> Terezín)
transport Ay-591 (17.05.1942 Terezín -> Lublin)
Note: The above address may be incorrect. The deportation card says it was Bílkova 4, the same address as her son.

These May transports of Jews out of Prague occurred during the full-scale industrialization phase of the Nazi death machine. It's possible Helena could have been delivered from Lublin to Majdanek, Belzec, or Sobibor - whatever the destination, she ultimately perished.

Parents:
Adler, Moritz
Kassowitzová, Marie


Spouse(s):
Süs, Bedřich

Children:
Süs, Kurt
Süsová, Liselotta


Adlerová, Karoline [ b. 31.5.1885, 1352/II, Prague - d. 26.8.1889, Prague ] Police Conscription Document Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 28 August 1889
Karoline was a daughter of Karel and Marie (née Ženišeková) Adler. She died from acute kidney disease (Rierenentzündung) at age 4 the day before her brother Arthur and just a few days before their sister Zdeňka - all of the children passed away from the same condition.

Parents:
Adler, Karel
Ženišková, Marie


Spouse(s):
None

Children:
None



Adlerová, Leopoldine [ b. 7.8.1888, 1352/II, Prague - d. 1942, Malý Trostinec, Belarus] Police Conscription Document
Leopoldine was a daugher of Karel and Marie (née Ženišeková) Adler. She married Robert Wahle on 23 January 1910 at the Pinkas Synagogue in Prague. Together they had at least two children. Leopoldine perished in the Holocaust. The fates of her husband and daughter are unknown, but her son Rudolf somehow made it to France where he settled and raised a family - there are still living relatives in France, with their own families. Last residence: Vojtěšská 3, Prague.

poslední bydliště před deportací: Praha: II
adresa/místo registrace v Protektorátu: Praha: II., Adalbertgasse 3 [II., Vojtěšská 3]
transport AAt-935 (23.07.1942 Praha -> Terezín)
transport Bc-730 (25.08.1942 Terezín -> Malý Trostinec)

Parents:
Adler, Karel
Ženišková, Marie


Spouse(s):
Wahle, Robert

Children:
Wahle, Rudolf
Wahleová, Katharina

Adlerová, Theresia [ b. 3.5.1842, Staré Město 889 (Prague) - d. 8.11.1900, Staré Město 644 (Prague) ] Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Police Conscription Document Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 10 November 1900 Danksagung, Prager Tagblatt, 14 November 1900
A daughter of Markus and Johanna (née Brummelová) Adler. Theresia married Adolf Zuckermann on 3 December 1865 at the High Synagogue in Prague. Together they had no fewer than 5 children. The cause of death is not clear from the death record, but we know she passed away at home at 11 in the evening. Note the obituary was published in the 10 November 1900 edition of Prager Tagblatt - the newspaper says 4 November, clearly a printing error.

Parents
:
Adler, Markus
Brummelová, Johanna


Spouse(s):
Zuckermann, Adolf

Children:
Zuckermann, Hugo
Zuckermannová, Clotilde
Zuckermannová, Ernestine
Zuckermannová, Kamilla
Zuckermannová, Olga


Adlerová, Zdeňka [ b. 13.8.1881, 1352/II, Prague - d. 5.9.1889, 20/II, Prague ] Police Conscription Document Obituary, Prager Tagblatt, 6 September 1889
Zdeňka was a daughter of Karel and Marie (née Ženišeková) Adler. She died from acute kidney disease (Rierenentzündung) at age 8, just a few days after her brother Arthur and sister Karoline. All three passed away from the same condition.

Parents:
Adler, Karel
Ženišková, Marie


Spouse(s):
None

Children:
None


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